0000000016 00000 n The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in. Leaves are opposite, simple, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, entire, not coriaceous, glossy, and dark green in color. Nu Zhen Zi (Privet Fruit) is a traditional Chinese herb that tonifies the yin. It is about 1/4in diameter, and contains a hard seed. The richness of color makes it … 0000013722 00000 n 0000005921 00000 n Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. f.), Japanese privet (L. japonicum Thunb. The Variegated Chinese Privet is best used as a specimen plant or as part of a hedge. Privets escaped cultivation in the early 1900s, but became widely naturalized during the 1950s-1970s or later. 0000088734 00000 n (1-1.3 cm) long. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Present: AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, HI, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, PR, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA To see a count… Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. 0000003324 00000 n Colonize by root sprouts and spread widely by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. 0000002983 00000 n Ligustrum sinense resembles Japanese privet, L. japonicum, the latter of which has larger and thicker leaves and generally is much less common in the MidSouth, though the two overlap in most of their US distributions. 0000007517 00000 n The oblong, blue/black fruit is a drupe containing 1 to 4 seeds. The fruit ripens around September. An escape from cultivation, found near streams and in old fencerows. Chinese privet. It can be weedy in disturbed areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas. U.S. Weed Information; Ligustrum sinense . Chinese privet has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. When discussing characteristics common to all 4 species, this report refers to them collectively as privet or privets. It grows more slowly and also flowers much less, so … 0000078476 00000 n Not listed as invasive in North Carolina by: NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet, Chinese privet glossy privet, tree privet or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). 0000004136 00000 n The fruit is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic. ), and Chinese privet (L. sinense Lour.)..). 0000001512 00000 n 0000078788 00000 n These non-native shrubs, which are difficult to distinguish from one another, include: common privet (L. vulgare L.), glossy privet (L. lucidum Ait. Glossy privet is a plant. Shade tolerant. Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, weakness, low blood pressure, cold and clammy skin possibly lasting 48 to 72 hours, Glycosides: syringin (ligustrin), a glycoside; shikimic acid (lowest toxic dose 4,000mg); and others, NC State University, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, Opposite, elliptic, small leaves are 1-2" long. The European Privet bears its flowers and fruit terminally also. <<29A805015C770744B48CF6A4417B5E2A>]>> 0000088956 00000 n Its fetid flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that can be offensive to many people. It has pest problems. It is a fast grower and requires a lot of maintenance. In vitro studies have shown that ligustrum has properties that could enhance the immune system and fight infections, but there have not yet been studied in humans showing a clinical benefit. It can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries. The variegated from of Chinese privet is much tamer, and has attractive leaves edged in white. Blossoms are followed by small, berrylike, blue-black fruit. Each flower has petals fused into a tube with four separate lobes. Plum Dragon Herbs, Inc. is a USA company that provides geo-authentic herbs, sulfur-free, lab-tested and sourced indigenously. 0000008968 00000 n Chinese privet is one of the most widely invasive plants in the South, while other three are less frequent. Ophthalmic Pectoral Tonic Vulnerary Chinese privet has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. N 01574. It is also naturalized in Réunion, the Andaman Islands, Norfolk Island, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panamá and much of the eastern and southern United States (from Texas and Florida north to Kansas, Illinois, New Jersey, Massachusetts and Connecticut). There have not … 0000002392 00000 n They grow 1-3" long. The Chinese Privet is grown in the landscape as an evergreen ornamental shrub. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. Where Found. form a strategic partnership called N.C. I enjoy cutting it down and axing the base like I do with other Eurasian invasive plants out in nature. Much used as border shrubs. It is difficult to distinguish between Chinese and European, with probable blurring due to hybridization. xref 0000006177 00000 n iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries. Flowers bloom in the late spring and have an unpleasant odor. Privet is an invasive weed and should be treated as such. Several species of privet have been introduced in the United States since the 1700s as garden plants and hedges. 0000004426 00000 n 0000009680 00000 n Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. Ligustrum is also reportedly used to treat impaired vision, dizziness, fever, and insomnia. 0000000954 00000 n Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Glossy privet is a plant. Leaves opposite, with short petioles; blades up to 2 inches long, ovate to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, sometimes with a small notch, tapering to the base, and with smooth margins. This plant has no children Legal Status. 0000004183 00000 n Most make good container subjects. Evergreen shrub with spreading branches. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen to evergreen, thicket-forming shrub capable of reaching heights of 9m (30 feet). startxref L. villosum; in Mandarin: 杻; pinyin: chǒu) is a species of privet native to China, Taiwan and Vietnam. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Young twigs covered with fine hairs visible under a l0x hand lens. trailer Privet fruit, also known as Ligustrum, aids in digestion and may be of immense help in cases of serious bowel problems and stomach ulcer. Tonic herbs are used for patterns of Deficiency, when one lacks one of the 'Four Treasures' (Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang). The fruit also helps to nourish and tone the liver, blood, as well as the kidneys. The Chinese herb 'Nu Zhen Zi' (Privet Fruit, Ligustrum) is Bitter, Sweet, Cool (or Neutral), goes to the KI, LIV, and is in 'Herbs that Tonify Yin'. Yin tonics have a heavy, moist nature. Flowers white, fragrant, about 3/8 inch wide, borne in narrow clus… Creamy white foetids are less than an inch large on 2-3" terminal panicles. It produces masses of small, white, tubular flowers, which mature into bluish berries. Chinese privet is, true to its common name, introduced from China. 279 32 To make matters worse, the fruit of all Ligustrum species, including the Chinese privet, are toxic to humans. This Chinese Privet is a very invasive, weedy species that infests forest borders in the South and some of the mid-Atlantic. It is a common garden escape in the southeast U. S. (where it is regarded as invasive), and reaches the northern edge of its range in Massachusetts. Be careful not to confuse glossy privet (Ligustrum lucidum) with other species of privet such as Japanese privet, border privet, Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense), common privet, golden privet, and others. In spring 2015, Golden Ticket privet (Ligustrum x vicaryi "KCLX1") becomes the first fruit of the North Carolina State University breeding program to be offered to American gardeners. Chinese privet is resistant to damage by deer. Birds eat them and distribute the seeds everywherewith the result that seedlings come up everywhere, too. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. 0000001976 00000 n Since most privets will grow well in any kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking over. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), glossy privet fruits are plants that belong to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency' category. 0000003738 00000 n 0000011052 00000 n Seed soil viability is about one year. Seed soil viability is about one year. Its fetid flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that can be offensive to many people. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. x�b```b``����� � Ȁ �@16�] sYEۻf: UkdݚՀP��k�4G�q������^�$������>*NL&d�"T �H�?�ey ��Q��%�6��\ ��Dtt ����x ��bM�"�j�&mFC�*F7�7�y���L݌��0MbJb��t�i �a�@./��˖�"j�v1. It is good for the skin and alleviates conditions such as dizziness, tinnitus, lower back pain, and spots in front of the eyes. On the Horizon. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. 0000008217 00000 n Chinese privet spreads both by root sprouts arising from rhizomes and by abundant seed production. Ligustrum sinense. The fruit is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic [147, 176, 178, 238]. Chinese privet has small blue/purple, fleshy fruits, which resemble blueberries. 'Variegatum', a cultivar, has leaves that are bordered in gray to creamy white coloring. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet; syn. According to Chinese medicine theory, Nu Zhen Zi tonifies the liver and kidney yin, clears heat and improves the eyesight. It has become an invasive weed in the southeastern US. The name "Chinese privet" is also u… These blossoms are followed by blue-black berries that grow in late summer. The white color of the leaves is matched by white flowers in mid-summer when the Privet blooms. (1 to 1.3 cm) long. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000006871 00000 n The fruit are ellipsoidal to nearly globose and are produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters. Stems are pubescent with gray-yellow coloration. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. … 0000005439 00000 n Glossy privet arrived in the U.S. in 1794, Chinese privet in 1825, Japanese privet in 1845, California privet in 1847, and Amur privet in 1860. U.S. Habitat: Aggressive and troublesome invasives, often forming dense thickets, particularly in bottom-land forests and along fencerows, thus gaining access to forests, fields, and right-of-ways. 310 0 obj<>stream Fruit clusters live through the winter. 0000010423 00000 n 0000004675 00000 n Chinese privet is similar to Common Privet (Ligustrum vulgare), a European species that is naturalized in more temperate areas of the eastern United States. 0000024367 00000 n Originally from China, Chinese privet is found throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and Midwestern North America. 0000001332 00000 n It is alkaline tolerant, pollution tolerant, shade tolerant, and tolerant of poor soils. 0 The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. N.C. 0000004752 00000 n 0000004100 00000 n Chinese privet was introduced ar When referring to individual species, the common names listed above are used. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. %%EOF 279 0 obj <> endobj – Chinese privet Subordinate Taxa. Caution: Fruit (berries) is poisonous. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. In vitro studies have shown ligustrum has anti-tumor, anti-oxidative, hepatoprotective, and anti-diabetic properties. Stem It has become an invasive weed in the southeastern US. U.S. However, there is limited research to support the present-day use of ligustrum for these purposes. Chinese Privet may revert to the species, so odd branches need to be removed. 0000001817 00000 n Birds eat and disperse the blue-black fruit during winter. The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3-0.5 in. Fruits are clusters of black, semi-fleshy, berry-like drupes that birds like to eat. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter.

chinese privet fruit

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